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1 Analyze the following transaction under traditional approach.

18.1.2011 Received a cheque from a customer, Sanjay at 5 p.m. Rs.20,000

19.1.2011 Paid Ramu by cheque Rs.1,50,000

20.1.2011 Paid salary Rs. 30,000

20.1.2011 Paid rent by cheque Rs. 8,000

21.1.2011 Goods withdrawn for personal use Rs. 5,000

25.1.2011 Paid an advance to suppliers of goods Rs. 1,00,000

26.1.2011 Received an advance from customers Rs. 3,00,000

31.1.2011 Paid interest on loan Rs. 5,000

31.1.2011 Paid instalment of loan Rs. 25,000

31.1.2011 Interest allowed by bank Rs. 8,000

Analysis of transaction —with accounts involved-nature of account-affects and debit/credit

2 The trial balance of Nilgiris Co Ltd., as taken on 31st December, 2002 did not tally and the difference was carried to suspense account. The following errors were detected subsequently.

a) Sales book total for November was under cast by Rs. 1200.

b) Purchase of new equipment costing Rs. 9475 has been posted to Purchases a/c.

c) Discount received Rs.1250 and discount allowed Rs. 850 in September 2002 have been posted to wrong sides of discount account.

d) A cheque received from Mr. Longford for Rs. 1500 for goods sold to him on credit earlier, though entered correctly in the cash book has been posted in his account as Rs. 1050.

e) Stocks worth Rs. 255 taken for use by Mr Dayananda, the Managing Director, have been entered in sales day book.

f) While carrying forward, the total in Returns Inwards Book has been taken as Rs. 674 instead of Rs. 647.

g) An amount paid to cashier, Mr. Ramachandra, Rs. 775 as salary for the month of November has been debited to his personal account as Rs. 757. Pass journal entries and draw up the suspense account.

Journal entries of all the transactions

Suspense account with Conclusion

3 From the given trial balance draft an Adjusted Trial Balance.

Trial Balance as on 31.03.2011

Debit balances Rs. Credit balances

Furniture & Fittings 10000 Bank Over Draft 16000

Buildings 500000 Capital Account 400000

Sales Returns 1000 Purchase Returns 4000

Bad Debts 2000 Sundry Creditors 30000

Sundry Debtors 25000 Commission 5000

Purchases 90000 Sales 235000

Advertising 20000

Cash 10000

Taxes & Insurance 5000

General Expenses 7000

Salaries 20000

TOTAL 690000 TOTAL 690000


1. Charge depreciation at 10% on Buildings and Furniture and fittings.

2. Write off further bad debts 1000

3. Taxes and Insurance prepaid 2000

4. Outstanding salaries 5000

5. Commission received in advance1000

[Preparation of ledger accounts-6

Preparation of trial balance-4]

4 Compute trend ratios and comment on the financial performance of Infosys Technologies Ltd. from the following extract of its income statements of five years.(in Rs. Crore)

Particulars 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 2007-08 2006-07

Revenue 27501 22742 21693 16692 13893

Operating Profit (PBIDT) 8968 7861 7195 5238 4391

PAT from ordinary activities 6835 6218 5988 4659 3856

(Source: Infosys Technologies Ltd. — Annual Report)

[Preparation of trend analysis-4

Preparation of trend ratios-4


5 Give the meaning of cash flow analysis and put down the objectives of cash flow analysis.

Explain the preparation of cash flow statement.

Meaning of cash flow analysis

Objectives of cash flow analysis

Explanation of preparation of cash flow analysis

6 Write the assumptions of marginal costing. Differentiate between absorption costing and marginal costing.

Assumptions of marginal costing (all 7 points)

Differences of marginal and absorption costing (Includes all 8 points)


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