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MH0051 — Health Administration

MH0051 — Health Administration


Summer 2013

Master of Business Administration in Healthcare Services Management – Semester 3

MH0051 — Health Administration – 4 Credits

(Book ID:B1212)

Assignment (60 marks)

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately

of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.


Q1. Define epidemiology. Explain the types of epidemiological studies with suitable examples.

Answer : Epidemiology :

Epidemiology is the study (or the science of the study) of the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is the cornerstone of public health, and informs policy decisions and evidence-based medicine by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive medicine. Epidemiologists help with study design, collection and statistical analysis of data, and interpretation and dissemination of results . Epidemiology has helped



Q2. Discuss the various levels of Indian healthcare delivery system.

Answer : Levels of Indian healthcare delivery system :

India has a universal health care system run by the constituent states and territories of India. The Constitution charges every state with “raising the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties”. The National Health Policy was endorsed by the Parliament of India in 1983 and



Q3. What is ergonomics? Discuss the occupational related legislations in India.

Answer : Ergonomics :

Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of the interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theoretical principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well being and overall system performance.

Occupation related legislations in India :

Occupational health Laws:

The Factories Act, 1948, the Mines Act, 1952,The Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986 are some of the laws, which contain provisions regulating



Q4. Discuss the necessity of disaster alertness in hospitals.

Answer : Disaster alertness Purpose :

To provide policy for response to both internal and external disaster situations that may affect hospital staff, patients, visitors and the community. Identify responsibilities of individuals and departments in the event of a disaster situation .Identify Standard Operating Guidelines (SOG’s) for emergency activities and responses.

Hospital Disaster Plan

II.  Situations and Assumptions:

  • Several types of hazards pose a threat to

Q5. Explain the spectrum and determinants of health.

Answer : Spectrum of health :

Spectrum of Health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or healthcare system is the organization of people, institutions, and resources to deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.

There is a wide variety of health systems around the world, with as many histories and organizational structures as there are nations. In some countries, health system planning is distributed among market participants. In others, there is a concerted effort among governments, trade unions, charities, religious, or other co-coordinated bodies to deliver planned


Q6. What is health planning? Explain the management methods and techniques in health planning.

 Answer : Health planning :

Health planning is a process to produce health. It does this by creating an actionable link between needs and

resources. Its nature and scope will depend upon:

– the time allowable

– the number of answerable questions to be addressed within the process “answerable questions” comprise questions that are worth asking and for which there is evidence to allow them to be answered .

There are three broad elements in a planning process; identifying the vision and goals, undertaking the

strategic plan, and evaluation. Planning


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