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NIBM – Exam Question papers & Answers

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

Subject : Principles and Practices of Management

  1. What are the fundamentals of staffing and manpower? Explain the different methods of selection recruitment, training and development.
  2. Explain the nature and functions of Directing.
  3. Discuss the importance of Coordination in managerial functions.
  4. What is the importance of planning in an organization? Describe the different plans with their objectives.
  5. Explain the methods of Departmentation.
  6. Explain the different approaches to leadership and its role in management.

  Read the rest of this entry →

6 Write short notes on: a) Shares and its classification b) Meetings and its classification (a) Meaning and classification b) Meaning and classification)

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

  1. a) Shares and its classification

Section 2 (46) defines a share “as a share in the share capital of a company and includes stock except where a distinction between stock and share is expressed or implied”. This definition does not encompass the meaning of a share.

Classes of shares

The most common classes of shares are:

  • Preference
  • Equity or Ordinary
  • Deferred or Founders’

A public company and a private company that is a subsidiary of a public company may not issue shares other than equity, preference and Cumulative Convertible Preference Shares (CCPS).

Preference shares

A preference share is one that carries the following two rights over holders of equity shares:

  • A preferential right in respect of dividends at a fixed amount or at a fixed rate, and
  • A preferential right in regard to repayment of capital on winding up.

Equity shares

‘Equity share’ means a share that is not preference share (Section 85). The rate of dividend is not fixed. The Board of Directors recommends the rate of dividend that is then declared by the members at the Annual General Meeting. Before recommending dividend on equity shares, the Board of Directors have to comply with the provisions of law as regards depreciation, transfer of a minimum amount to reserves, etc. The holders of equity shares have voting rights in proportion to the paid-up equity capital of the company (Section 87 (1)).

Cumulative Convertible Preference Shares (CCPs)

The Government of India vide its guidelines dated 19 August 1985 permitted issue of another class of shares by public limited companies, called cumulative convertible preference shares.

Deferred or founder’s shares

A private company can issue shares of a type other than those discussed above (Section 90). Thus, it may issue what are known as deferred shares. As deferred shares are normally held by promoters and directors of the company, they are usually called founder’s shares.

Non-voting shares

‘Non-voting shares’ as the term suggests are shares that carry no voting rights. These are contemplated as altogether a different class of shares which may carry additional dividends in lieu of the voting rights. The Companies (Amendment) Act, 2000, provided for issue of such type of equity shares under Section 86.

  Sweat equity shares

The Companies (Amendment) Act, 1999, allowed issue of sweat equity shares subject to fulfillment of certain conditions. The new Section 79A was inserted for this purpose

  1. b) Meetings and its classification

Section 291 empowers the Board of Directors to manage the affairs of the company. In this context, meetings of shareholders and directors become necessary. The Act has made provisions for following different types of meetings of shareholders: (i) Statutory Meeting; (ii) Annual General Meeting; (iii) Extraordinary General Meeting; and (iv) Class Meetings.

  Statutory meetings (Section 165)

The most important legal provisions regarding statutory meetings are:

It is required to be held only by a public company having share capital. A private company or a public company registered without share capital is under no obligation to hold such a meeting.

It must be held within a period of not less than one month and not more than six months from the date on which the company is entitled to commence business.

At least 21 days before the day of meeting, a notice of the meeting is to be sent to every member stating it to be a Statutory Meeting.

  Annual general meeting (AGM) (Sections 166-168)

As the name signifies, this is an annual meeting of a company. The provisions relating to this meeting are:

Every company, whether public or private, having a share capital or not, limited or unlimited must hold this meeting.

The meeting must be held in each calendar year and not more than 15 months shall elapse between two meetings. However, the first AGM may be held within 18 months from the date of its incorporation and if such general meeting is held within that period, it need not hold any such meeting in the year of its incorporation or in the following year. The maximum gap between two such meetings may be extended by three months by taking permission of the Registrar, who may so allow for any special reason.

 The meeting must be held

  • On a day that is not a public holiday
  • During business hours
  • At the registered office of the company or at some other place within the city, town or village in which the registered office is situated. (Section 166 (2)).

  Extraordinary Meeting (EGM) Section 169

Clause 47 of Table A (Schedule – I) provides that all general meetings other than AGMs shall be called the EGMs. The legal provisions as regards such meetings are:

EGM is convened for transacting some special or urgent business that may arise in between two AGMs, for instance, change in the objects or shift of registered office or alteration of capital. All business transacted at such meetings is called special business. Therefore, every item on the agenda must be accompanied by an ‘Explanatory Statement’.

 An EGM may be called by:

  • Directors of their own accord
  • Directors on requisition
  • Requisitionists themselves
  • The Tribunal.

The Board of Directors may call a general meeting of the members at any time by giving not less than 21 days notice. A shorter notice may, however, be held valid if consent is accorded thereto by members of the company holding 95 percent or more of the voting rights (Section 171).

  Class Meetings

A company has two classes of shares – equity shares and preference shares. The class meetings are held for these different classes of shareholders, as and when their rights are affected.

5 Explain the procedure for filing a complaint and admission of complaint in consumer protection act. ( Filing a complaint, Admission of complaint) Answer:- The procedure for filing a complaint and admission of complaint in consumer protection act Procedure for filing a complaint

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

Answer:- The procedure for filing a complaint and admission of complaint in consumer protection act

Procedure for filing a complaint

There is no fee for filing a complaint before any of the aforesaid bodies. The complainants or their authorised agent can present the complaint in person. The complaint can also be sent by post to the appropriate Forum/ Commission. The complaint should be addressed to the President of the Forum/Commission. A complaint should contain the following information:

  • Name, description and address of the complainant

4 What are the circumstances under which breach of condition is treated as breach of warranty? Explanation

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

Answer:- The circumstances under which breach of condition is treated as breach of warranty

Breach of condition to be treated as breach of warranty – According to Section 13, under certain circumstances, a breach of condition is to be treated as a breach of warranty, i.e., the right to repudiate the contract is deemed to have been lost. These circumstances are:

Where a contract of sale is subject to any condition to be fulfilled by the seller, the buyer may either:

  • Waive the condition
  • Elect to treat the breach of the condition as a breach of warranty.

3 Explain the procedure of registration of partnership firms. (Explanation )

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

Answer:- The procedure of registration of partnership firms

 1 Application for registration

Section 58 lays down the procedure for registration of partnership firms. A partnership firm may be registered at any time by post, or delivering to the Registrar of Firms of the area in which the business of the firm is situated or proposed to be situated, a statement in the prescribed form and accompanied by the prescribed fee, stating:

2 Explain the meaning of Power of Attorney, its types and clause related to registration. (Meaning, Types, Registration)

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

1 “Discharge refers to the termination of contractual relationship between the parties” Explain the statement along with different modes of discharging a contract

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

6 Explain the Structure of the Research Report. What are the guidelines for effective report writing? (Explanation of the Structure of the Research Report Guidelines for effective report writing)

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

Answer:- Structure of the Research Report

The reporting requires a structured format and by and large, the process is standardized. As stated above, the major difference amongst the types of reports is that all the elements that make a research report would be present only in a detailed technical report. Usage of theoretical and technical jargon would be higher in the technical report and visual presentation of data would be higher in the management report. Read the rest of this entry →

5 a. What is the analysis of variance? What are the assumptions of the technique? Give a few examples where the techniques could be used. b. The following data represents the number of units produced by four operators during three different shifts: Perform a two-way analysis of variance and interpret the result. (a. Meaning, Assumptions and examples , b. Formulas, Calculation, Solution and Interpretation to the problem)

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

5  a.   What is the analysis of variance? What are the assumptions of the technique? Give a few examples where the techniques could be used.

  1. The following data represents the number of units produced by four operators during three different shifts:

Perform a two-way analysis of variance and interpret the result.

(a.   Meaning, Assumptions and examples , b.   Formulas, Calculation, Solution and Interpretation to the problem)

4 a. Distinguish between: 1. i. Schedules and Questionnaires 2. ii. Open ended and closed ended questions b. Explain the questionnaire design process. (Differences Questionnaire design process)

February 27, 2015 By: Meliza Category: 1st SEM

Answer:-

1. i. Schedules and Questionnaires: The questionnaires always, even the schedules, begin with standardized instructions. These begin by greeting the respondent and then introducing the researcher and then the purpose of questionnaire administration. For example, in the study on organic food products, the following instructions were given at the beginning of the questionnaire: ‘


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